Since the earliest times in the Asian continent, Zingiberaceae plants have represented part of daily life due to their high nutritional value, using them in natural medicine and gastronomy. Among them we highlight turmeric, also known as Indian saffron, or curcuma longa by its scientific name.
Turmeric, inside has a peculiar yellowish almost orange color, which is used as a species to give color to oriental food. Its flavor is a spicy and acid mixture that dilates the taste buds giving a sensation of heat. It is a combination of ginger and orange.
Turmeric nutritional compound
It has important nutritional values such as sugars, calories, sodium, fat, zinc, phosphorus, magnesium, protein, manganese, calcium, fiber, carbohydrates, vitamins C, B3, E, B6, K, iron and potassium.
This rhizome contains antioxidant, digestive, anti-inflammatory and antibacterial properties that help our body to function more optimally. Some recent studies indicate that it possesses anticancer properties.
Types of turmeric
Like all plants, turmeric has a multiple variety of it, but there are 5 types that stand out from the others.
- Black turmeric. It is rare because its root has a slight black tone, although in Ayurvedic medicine it is the most used.
- Turmeric kasturi manjal. It is used in the cosmetic and skin treatment industry, as it has a very bitter taste that is unpleasant on the palate.
- Tree handle. It is a variety that is almost extinct due to its high content of antioxidants, it is useful in oriental medicine.
- Manjal curry. It is ancestral and sacred; it is used in rituals and ceremonies.
- Turmeric longa. It is the main ingredient in curry and the best known in the world, since its flavor is the most pleasant.
What are the benefits of Turmeric?
- Turmeric protects the heart and promotes circulation, as it has properties to eliminate triglycerides and bad cholesterol from the bloodstream.
- Relieves stomach and intestinal ailments caused by poor digestion, as well as flatulence. Stimulates stomach secretions for good digestion and regulates intestinal movements allowing the expulsion of gases that cause colic.
- Reactivates the liver system, cleansing the liver so that it functions better, avoiding diseases such as hepatitis, fatty liver and liver cirrhosis.
- Strengthens the respiratory system, due to its anti-inflammatory properties. Turmeric helps with bronchitis, allergies, the common cold, and asthma.
- Relieves pain caused by arthritis and rheumatism.
- Turmeric favors the integumentary system, relieving pain caused by skin diseases such as psoriasis, acne and eczema. Additionally, it anticipates premature aging.
- Invigorates the immune system. Due to its antibacterial, antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties, turmeric is the best ally to prevent and relieve autoimmune diseases and strengthen immune defenses.
- Stimulates the central nervous system creating reactions to fight depression.
- Prevents neurodegenerative diseases such as Parkinson’s, multiple sclerosis and Alzheimer’s.
- Helps you lose weight.
- Fight stress.
- Regulates insulin and glucose levels in the blood.
- Balances the levels of some hormones such as testosterone.
How to take advantage of turmeric?
It is recommended to ingest turmeric tea twice a day, in the morning and in the evening after each meal. As turmeric tea alone is difficult to absorb, we must activate its properties by accompanying it with other ingredients to have a greater effect.
- To activate the antibacterial properties we must use honey.
- If you only want to absorb quickly, we must use coconut milk, almond, heavy cream, olive oil or coconut oil.
- If we seek to relieve the respiratory system and reveal the bronchi, we add black pepper.
- To strengthen the immune system and activate the metabolism, we must add lemon or ginger.
Its properties help with pain caused by skin diseases such as psoriasis, acne and eczema. It can be prepared at home. These are the necessary ingredients for the preparation.
- A large leaf of aloe vera
- 3 grams of turmeric powder or grated
- 2 ml of olive oil. You can also use almond or essential oil
- A soft capsule of vitamin A
To prepare it, the gel is extracted from the stalk, poured into a blender or a bowl to later use the emulsion blender. Add the powdered or striped turmeric, the oil and the liquid from the capsule. Mix until we have a homogeneous mixture, place the mixture in a container and leave it in the refrigerator.
You can apply on the lesions twice a day. First you will feel a cooling sensation in the injury, you will see that the inflammation in the area will quickly go down. You can also buy gel at a health food store or pharmacy.
It is ideal for massaging when there is a muscle contracture. So, it should be applied in those areas where pain caused by arthritis or rheumatism is present. It can also be used in meals in the morning, in salads or in the base of stews. Turmeric oil can be found in pharmacies.
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